Vermentino is a green grape from Italy.

Characteristics
In Sar­din­ia there is a saying; that in or­der to make nice Ver­men­tino wine, you need to use grapes that have grown on an is­land. There might be some­thing to this, as a lot of the plant­ings of this va­ri­e­ty is found on is­lands or close to the sea.

High in aci­di­ty, it pro­duces wine with a re­fresh­ing aci­di­ty, of­ten ac­com­pa­nied by a bit of min­er­ality. Aro­mas and fla­vours are of green ap­ple, lem­on, grape­fruit, a bit flow­ery.

Wines
Among the nicest expressions of Vermentino dry varietals come from Sardinia and Corse.

Food pairing
High acidity crispness with a touch of minerality is a nice invitation to look for food pairing with something from the sea, oysters, lobster and other kinds of seafood, as well as various fish dishes.

The wine is best served at 8-10°C/46-50°F.

Where is it grown?
Vermentino is a grape that is grown in Italy and in France. In Italy, it is the thirty-second most planted grape with an acreage of 5.046 ha/12,468 ac. This corresponds to an increase of fifty-eight percent in ten years. Plantings are reported from, above all, Sardinia with more than sixty percent of Italy’s acreage (3.248 ha/ ac). Plantings are also reported from Liguria, Latium, and Tuscany.

In France, the acreage is 3.825 ha/9,452, corresponding to an increase of forty-five percent in ten years. The plantings are distributed between Provence (1.644 ha/4,062 ac), Languedoc-Roussillon (922 ha/2,278 ac), Corse (776 ha/1,918 ac), and southern Rhône (466 ha/1,152 ac).

Outside of Italy, small (most likely experimental) plantings are reported from Argentina and Brazil.

History
Vermentino is recognised as an Italian variety, but a more precise place of origin is contested with suggestions of the island Corse, the southern France region Provence, as well as further east in the Mediterranean.

Vermentino is an old variety, with a documentation that stretches more than three-hundred and fifty years back.