Trincadeira is a black grape* from Portugal. This name is how it is known in Alentejo. In Douro it better known as Tinta Amarela.

Characteristics
Typical for this va­ri­e­ty is the dark col­our it brings to the wine together with good aci­di­ty lev­el and fair­ly high tan­nins. Aro­mas and fla­vours are of dark skinned plums and black­ber­ries.

It is how­ever a tricky va­ri­e­ty, which has to be har­vested in exactly the right moment – the picking window with full ripeness is just a few days. If picked too early, and the grapes will be to light. Too late and you end up with jammy berries with too low acidity.

Young wines can be a bit herbaceous with tart tannins. With age you will find Trincadeira as a dry varietal as well as blended with Aragonez (Tempranillo), or Touriga Nacional. It is also one of several grapes that is allowed in Port wine production.

Wines
The likelihood of finding a really nice dry varietal Trincadeira wine is partly depending on if you can find one made from grapes grown on a bit of altitude. Even more important is to find one that has been harvested in the right time, which is depending on the individual wine grower, and can vary between the years.

Food pairing
A very nice pairing with a dry varietal Trincadeira wine is a Paella made from chicken and prawns. The wine is best served at 16°C/61°F18°C/64°F.

Where is it grown?
Trincadeira’s homeland is Portugal. With its 9.246 ha/22,846 ac (an increase with 27%), it is the sixth most planted variety in the country. Most plantings are reported from central Alentejo (3.746 ha/9,257 ac), north-eastern Alto Tras-os-Montes (3.699 ha/9,140 ac), and central Ribatejo e Oeste (1.163 ha/2874 ac).

Outside of Portugal, small plantings are reported also from South Africa (24 ha/58 ac) and Argentina where the planting is of experimental size (e.g. less than 1 ha/2,4 ac).

History
Trincadeira is thought to have originated in Portugal’s centre, in one of the regions Oeste or Alentejo.

*The name Trincadiera is also used as a synonym for another variety (the Portuguese grape Castelão), which has no known connection to the grape presented here.