Mskhali is a green grape from Armenia, potentially of very old age.

Characteristics
The vine is susceptible to fungal diseases such as Grey Rot and has difficulties to withstand the cold winters of Armenia. It is a mountainous country with a good part of the country on altitudes of 1.000 m/3,281 ft or higher.

Wines
Mskhali is often blended with Rkatsiteli, and is mainly used for the production of brandy. There are however vineries that produce dry white wines as well as semi sweet dessert wines, although they are still difficult to find in the international market as most export continues to be to Russia.

Food pairing
Given the absence of information regarding Mskhali wines, no pairing suggestions can be given.

Where is it grown?
On a world-wide basis, Mskhali is very very small. In Armenia, on the contrary, it was the third most planted grape in 2010 with 1.093 ha/2,700 ac. Its PTPA is however quite low for being the third most planted grape, its acreage corresponds only to ten percent of the total planted area.

Mskhali is said to be grown mainly in the Ararat Valley, one of the two important wine growing regions in the country.

History
Mskhali is thought to have originated in Armenia, and could then be a very old variety. However, little has been done to study this in depth.

It was in Armenia’s Vayots Dzor region that a cave (Areni-1), dated to circa  4100 BC, was found in 2007. The site contained a wine press, fermentation vats, jars, and cups. The archaeologists also found Vitis Vinifera seeds and vines. This dates wine making to be more than six-thousand one-hundred years old.