Moscato Giallo is a green grape from northern Italy.

Characteristics
Moscato Giallo is a vigorous variety that needs to be kept after during the growth season. It will be at its best when planted on soil that is rich of lime and chalk.

Grapes are medium to low in aci­di­ty with flavours going in the di­rec­tion of baked ap­ples and light cit­rus, e.g. not the tra­di­tion­al Muscat grape flavours.

Wines
There seems to be a bit of confusion when it comes to Moscato (Italian for Muscat) and its many sub-varieties and color mutations. We’ve only managed to find one DOC, the Trentino DOC, that mentions Moscato Giallo as a specific variety for a certain kind of wine. Other DOC’s at best mentions it as one of several sub-varieties to Moscato Bianco. Others don’t mention it all, in spite of the variety being grown all over Italy.

This gives rise to the suspicion that different sub-varieties might transform into a “generic Moscato” when entering the vinery. The description of the Valcalepio DOC (Lombardy) actually says Moscato di Scanzo and/or Moscato without specifying any sub-varieties, leaving it up to the wine maker to decide which kind to use.

Another interpretation is that the sub-varieties have not been properly identified in the vineyard – and it would not be the first time in history that this happens either. Regardless of which, the uncertainty definitely lowers the possibilities of being sure of what actually is in your bottle.

In Trentino-Alto Adige you will find Moscato Giallo as a varietal dry or sweet wine,. The latter often after the grapes have been given the “straw mat treatment” which helps in concentrating an already naturally high sugar content.

Food pairing
A dry Moscato Giallo from Trentino will pair nicely with several kinds of dishes, for example Swordfish rolls, or Pasta (Tagliolini) with Courgette flowers. The wine is best served at 8-10°C/46-50°F.

A sweet Moscato Giallo from Trentino will pair excellently with for example an Apple Strudel or a Panna Cotta. The wine is best served at 8-9°C/46-48°F.

Where is it grown?
Moscato Giallo is cultivated mainly in Italy, where you can find plantings of 1.127 ha/2,785 ac. This gives the variety at a modest position as the seventy-first most planted grape in the country. Seventy-two percent of the plantings are found in Piedmont, especially in Asti and neighbouring area, in Veneto, Lombardia, and Trentino Alto-Adige.

It should be noted though that Moscato Giallo is cultivated in all Italian regions, from north to south. The variety has also seen a substantial increase in plantings – almost tripled from 2000 to 2010.

Outside of Italy, there are 126 ha/311 ac reported from Brazil, and 59 ha/146 ac from Croatia. In Croatia, it is reported to be grown in a part of the Central Region and in Istria. None of these plantings were reported in 2000.

History
Moscato Giallo has earlier been thought to have originated in the Middle East. It is now proven to be related to Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains, which is recognised as a very old grape. Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains is thought to have originated in Greece and to have been brought to Italy some two-thousand five-hundred years ago. The Greek provenance for Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains is supported by several DNA-studies, and Moscato Giallo is thought to be a more recent offspring, most likely having originated somewhere in northern Italy.